Foreign policy and defense
Trinidad and Tobago have close economic and
political cooperation with the Caribbean neighboring
states in the regional cooperation body Caricom. The
relationship with the US and EU countries is good and
the country is also increasingly exchanging with China.
Trinidad and Tobago were one of the founders of
Caricom and were also strong advocates when the common
market CSME was formed in 2006. Caricom's court CCJ has
its seat in Port of Spain (see Political system).
However, Caricom has been faced with major problems
during the 2010s; among other things, the organization
is said to have a hard time making decisions.
Overview of business holidays and various national observances in Trinidad and Tobago for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024 and 2025.
With Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago cooperate in the
fight against crime, and not least the transnational
drug-related crime. The countries have long negotiated
cooperation in the extraction of oil and gas deposits in
the border zones. Agreements have been signed, among
other things, on the processing of Venezuelan natural
gas in Trinidad and Tobago. However, the country, like
Barbados, chose to stand outside the Venezuelan cheap
oil import agreement that several Caribbean states
signed in 2005. The agreement was considered to threaten
the regional market for the state-owned oil company
Petrotrin. More and more Venezuelans have in recent
years applied to Trinidad and Tobago in search of
supplies, due to the deep political and economic crisis
in their home country.
A dispute over the maritime borders that Trinidad and
Tobago have long had with Barbados was settled in 2006
by the International Maritime Law Court in Hamburg.
Barbados was entitled to a large area southeast of the
island but not to an area north of Tobago. The Court
also called on the countries to negotiate fishing
rights. The area is not only interesting for fishing,
but is also believed to contain oil and gas deposits.
The border with Grenada was set in an agreement in
The relationship with the United States is good and
there has long been a collaboration to combat drug
trafficking in the area. It is mainly cocaine from
Colombia that is smuggled to Trinidad and Tobago and
from there forwarded to North America and Europe.
China has invested funds for various development
projects in recent years and the countries have signed
several bilateral agreements. Chinese President Xi
Jinping visited Trinidad and Tobago in 2013 and the
following year, Prime Minister Kamal Persad-Bissessar
was present when the country formally opened its embassy
Trinidad and Tobago are also members of the larger
regional organizations OAS, Celac and ACS.
FACTS - DEFENSE
3,000 men (2017)
The air Force
50 men (2015)
1,050 men (2017)
Military expenditure's share of GDP
0.9 percent (2017)
Military spending's share of the state budget
2.6 percent (2017)